Get facts on PAD

Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) is a term used to classify all non-coronary arterial  diseases. It is a buildup of plaque in the walls of arteries, which reduces or blocks the flow of blood to your limbs.  PAD affects  8-12 million people in the United Staes. The risk of PAD increases with age. Some minority groups are more  than twice as likely  to have PAD.

    Symptoms of PAD:

  • Fatigue in leg muscles(buttocks, thigh or calf)that occurs during activities such as walking or climbing stairs.
  • Pain in legs and/or feet that disturbs sleep
  • Sores or wounds on toes, feet, or legs that heal slowly, poorly or not at all-Color Changes in the skin of the feet,including paleness or blueness
  • Lower temperture in one leg compared with the other leg
  • Poor Nail Growth and decreased hair growth on toes and legs

    What puts me at risk :

  • The risk of PAD increases dramatically with age
  • Those who smoke or have a history of smoking have a greater risk of     developing  PAD
  • One in three people over the age of 50 with diabetes is likely to have PAD
  • Excessive cholesterol and fat in your blood contribute to the formation of plaque  in arteries, reducing or blocking blood flow to your heart, brain or limbs
  • If you have heart disease , you have a one in three chances of also having PAD
  • Elevated  blood presure raises the risk of developing plaque in the arteries
  • Some minority groups are more than twice likely to have PAD

   How is PAD diagnosed :

  • Conversation with Provider
  • Ask about your risk factors
  • Discuss your medical and family history

Physical Exam:

  • Pulse in your legs and feet to determine if there is sufficient blood flow
  • Color, tempture and apprearance of your legs and feet
  • Signs of poor wound healing on the legs and feet

    Diagnostic Tests:

  • Ankle-brachial index (ABI)compares blood pressure in the arm and leg
  • Doppler ultrasound measures blood flow to determine which arteries are narrowed      or blocked

  How is it treated 

  • Plaque excision –removal of plaque with catheter base device
  • Angioplasty– enlargement of a narrowed artery with a small balloon
  • Stent– expansion of narrowed artery through a permanment mesh metal tube.
  • A surgical procedure to bypass the blocked artery


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